Existen muchos tipos de operaciones posibles haciendo hedging, pero las mes comunes consisten son con productos correlacionados y con productos derivados. Vamos a ver los diferentes tipos de coberturas. Due to the uncertainty of future supply and demand fluctuations and the price risk imposed on the farmer, the farmer may, in this example, use various financial transactions to reduce or hedge his risk. Such a transaction is the use of futures contracts. Futures contracts are reciprocal agreements to deliver a certain amount of a commodity at a certain time at a specified price, and each contract is clear to buyers and sellers. For this example, the farmer can sell a number of futures contracts corresponding to the amount of wheat he wants to harvest and, for the most part, trap the current price of wheat. When the futures contracts expire, the farmer harvests the wheat and delivers it to the buyer at the price agreed in the futures contract. As a result, the farmer has reduced his risk of fluctuations in the wheat market because he has already guaranteed a certain number of bushels at a certain price. However, there are still many risks associated with this type of protection. For example, if the farmer has a low yield year and reaps less than the amount indicated in the futures contracts, he must buy the bushel elsewhere to fulfill the contract.
This becomes even more problematic when lower yields affect the wheat industry as a whole and wheat prices rise due to supply and demand pressures. Even if the farmer insure all the risks of lower prices by locking up the price with a futures contract, he also forgoes the benefits of higher prices. Another risk associated with the futures contract is a default or renegotiation. The futures contract blocks a certain amount and price at a certain future time. For this reason, it is always possible that the buyer will not pay the required amount at the end of the contract or that the buyer will attempt to renegotiate the contract before the contract expires.  Government futures were created in the 19th century to allow transparent, standardized and efficient coverage of agricultural commodity prices; since then, they have expanded into futures contracts to cover fluctuations in energy, precious metals, foreign currencies and interest rates. A common way to hedge against risk is to purchase insurance to protect against financial losses due to property damage or accidental loss, personal injury or loss of life. Stack Hedging is a strategy that involves buying different futures contracts that focus in the months of near delivery in order to increase the liquidity position. It is generally used by investors to ensure the security of their profits for a longer period of time. Lo mes seguro es que como traders o inversores nunca utilicéis una cobertura o hedging, pero creo que es bueno saber c`mo funciona y tener presente que es una alternativa mes a protegerse en situaciones desfavorables. Delta-Hedging reduces the financial risk of an option by distinguishing itself against price changes in the underlying. This term is called as since Delta is the first derivative of the value of the option with respect to the price of the underlying instrument.
This is done in practice by buying a derivative with a reverse price movement. It is also a kind of market-neutral strategy. Futures and futures contracts are a means of hedge against the risk of unfavourable market movements. Commodity markets originally developed in the 19th century, but over the past 50 years a large global commodity market has developed to cover the risks that threaten financial markets. Cobertura, en finanzas, (in inglés hedging o hedge) se llama al conjunto de operaciones dirigidas a anular o reducir el riesgo de un activo o pasivo financiero en posesién de una empresa o de un particular. Los fondos creados con este fin se denominan fondos de cobertura o hedge funds. Employee stock options (OS) are securities that the company issues primarily to its own executives and employees.