Others refer directly to Buddha, who would have learned that the trade in sentient beings, including inhuman beings, is not a virtuous practice, for it almost always involves exploitation that causes suffering.  Susumu Shimazono, a professor of religious sciences at the University of Tokyo, argues in the journal “Dharma World” that the surrogate surrogate places the surrogate in a position of submission where her body becomes a “tool” for another.  At the same time, other Buddhist thinkers assert that the primary purpose of being a surrogate mother is compassion rather than professional, is not exploitable and is therefore morally permissible.  This underscores the lack of consensus on surrogacy within the Buddhist community. Surrogacy contracts found online are generally short-sighted and generic. They generally do not take into account the individual needs and circumstances of each party, and they certainly do not cover all possible outcomes and variables that could influence the course of the surrogacy agreement. This can lead to extreme legal consequences and an increased chance of disputes and misunderstandings between surrogates and intentional parents. In the absence of a strong legal contract, there is virtually no protection for the surrogate mother, parents or child. Some surrogate mothers and intentional parents think it would be more convenient to simply download a surrogacy contract online. Although there are many sites that offer free downloads of surrogacy contracts, it is never advisable to try the surrogacy agreement without proper legal representation and advice. Citizenship and the legal status of children arising from surrogacy schemes can be problematic. The Permanent Office of the Hague Conference called the issue of citizenship of these children an “urgent problem” in the study of the 2014 Hague Conference Permanent Office(   According to the U.S.
Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, to be a U.S. citizen, a foreign-born child must be one or two genetic parents of the child citizen of the United States. In other words, the only way for a surrogate child born abroad to automatically acquire U.S. citizenship at birth is if it is the biological son or daughter of a U.S. state.