Respect and respect for relevant laws and customs, particularly with regard to the country of origin of the data, will help to strengthen the confidence of local stakeholders. Data exchange agreements should be consistent with institutional data exchange strategies, national legislation of all relevant countries, regional and global legislation and all other legally binding agreements. Both data providers and data recipients must meet the conditions, conditions and restrictions set out in the Data Disclosure Act. Although data recipients may not be directly affected by the Data Provider Act, all legal conditions, conditions and restrictions regarding the data provider should be included in the agreement to ensure compliance. Common data can be used for a wide range of analyses and purposes. It is important that the intellectual property status of the recordings, as well as the authorship of all expected academic results, be agreed from the outset. The legal impact of data exchange and the most appropriate type of agreement depend on issues such as geographic location, the nature of the institution involved, the nature of the data, the magnitude of the threat to public health and other contextual factors. It is important that the parties understand the legal implications and legal instruments available to facilitate the process. Where there are guidelines, the balance between data accessibility, privacy and intellectual property protection is not standardized, which can lead to safeguards. Data exchange agreements can help resolve differences or ambiguities in the law and are most effective when the context is clearly defined and relevant laws and regulations are taken into account. In some cases, an agreement that is not legally binding may be more appropriate than the use of legal means. In the absence of strong intellectual property rights to protect data and databases in the United States, data-sharing agreements work best if they are part of a broader agreement among research partners.