Vox explains why scientists are more confident than ever that climate change fuels disasters. The Kyoto Protocol can be defined as the implementation of the UNFCCC. At the time, it was the first global commitment to govern emissions responsible for global warming and laid the groundwork for subsequent international agreements on climate change. Although the protocol was signed on March 16, 1998, it did not come into force until February 16, 2005. It maintains the commitment of developed countries to continue to be at the forefront of financial aid, but for the first time, “other parties” are being asked to provide voluntary financial support. This urges developed countries to develop a specific roadmap to meet the annual target of $100 billion in climate finance by 2020. Human activities increase atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases – which tend to warm the atmosphere – and still in some aerosol regions – that tend to cool the atmosphere. These combined changes in greenhouse gases and aerosols are expected to result in regional and global changes in climate and climate parameters such as temperature, precipitation, soil moisture and sea level. Based on the range of climate sensitivities reported by the IPCC Working Group I for increasing greenhouse gas concentrations and plausible emission zones (IPCC 1992), experienced climate models, taking into account greenhouse gases and aerosols, an increase in the average global surface temperature of about 1-3.5oC by 2100 and a rise in sea level of about 15 to 95 cm. The reliability of regional forecasts remains low and the extent to which climate variability may change is uncertain. However, potentially serious changes have been observed, including an increase in extreme high temperature events, floods and droughts in some areas, with the following consequences of fires, outbreaks of pests and the composition, structure and functioning of the ecosystem, including primary productivity (IPCC, 1995). The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, has affected international consensus on the issue of climate change. During the summit, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was established, which was originally signed by 166 countries and finally entered into force on 21 March 1994.
To date, it has been ratified by 197 countries. Yes, there is broad consensus within the scientific community, although some deny that climate change is a problem, including politicians in the United States. When negotiating teams meet for international climate talks, “there is less skepticism about science and more disagreement about how to set priorities,” said David Victor, professor of international relations at the University of California, San Diego. The basic science is that: 2004 — COP 10 was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The parties began to discuss accommodation options. The parties “have made many decisions and conclusions on technology development and transfer issues and have adopted conclusions; Land use, land use change and forestry; UNFCCC`s financial mechanism; national communication of [developed] countries; Capacity building Accommodation and response and UnFCCC Article 6 (Education, Training and Public Awareness) on adaptation and mitigation issues, the needs of least developed countries (LDCs) and future strategies to combat climate change. 2013 – COP 19 was held in Warsaw, Poland. The parties were expected to draw up a roadmap for COP 2015 in Paris, in which a legally binding contract to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (which will come into force in 2020).
Differences of opinion on the responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions between developing and industrialized countries led to a flexible decision on the text and a plan to continue discussions at the